The old City of London is only a square mile in size but has its own Lord Mayor. Another famous old part of Greater London is Westminster, which was always a different city from the City of London. London has an oceanic, or temperate climate. It is not usually very hot or cold. It is often cloudy. London has many celebrations, festivals and events. London's largest industry is finance. This includes banks, stock exchanges, investment companies and insurance companies The Bank of England is located in London and is the second oldest bank in the world.
Medieval London ( 5th-15th )
Tourism is one of London's biggest industries. London is the most visited city in the world by international tourists with Within the UK, London is home to the ten most-visited tourist attractions. Tourism employed about , full-time workers in London in The UK's fashion industry, centred on London, contributes tens of billions to the economy.
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For the 19th and much of the 20th centuries London was a major manufacturing centre see Manufacturing in London , with over 1. Many products were made in London including ships, electronics and cars. Nowadays, most of these manufacturing companies are closed but some drug companies still make medicine in London. London also has a "partnership" agreement with Tokyo , Japan. The city has a huge network of transport systems including trains, metros underground and five main airports. The Victorians built many train systems in the midth century s.
Their main stations are in London, and the lines go to every part of Great Britain. There were originally five major companies but the five companies became a national rail network in modern times. There are five airports , though only one is actually in London London City Airport. There is the London end of the London— Birmingham canal , which was important to the industrial 19th century.
The most used airport is Heathrow International Airport although it is actually outside the city. It is the oldest underground railway in the world. It started running in as the Metropolitan Railway. After the opening the system was copied in many other cities, for example New York and Madrid. Even though it is called the Underground about half of it is above the ground.
The "Tube" is a slang name for the London Underground, because the tunnels for some of the lines are round tubes running through the ground. The Underground has got stations and over km of track. From — over 1 billion passengers used the underground.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the city in Canada, see London, Ontario. The Weather Underground, Inc. The Romans left at the beginning of the 5th Century as the Roman Empire crumbled, leaving London largely deserted. We know very little about what happened to London in this period. There is still a cathedral but not the same one! Once again we know very little about London for a few hundred years, although during the 9th and 10th Centuries there were many attacks by the Vikings.
It is thought that this nursery rhyme probably records an attack against London by the Viking, Olaf, at the beginning of the 11th Century. He quickly began to build a stronghold to guard London - the Tower of London. The Tower has been used as a castle and a palace, a zoo and a weapons store, a mint where coins are made and a prison.
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We have colouring pages of the Tower of London here 2 versions, for older and younger children : London Colouring Pages. Learn to Draw the Tower of London. The city grew up within the original Roman walls, which were repaired and built up.
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Houses were made of wood and plaster and crowded together very tightly, with the upper floors leaning out over the streets, which were either cobbled or dirt. Rubbish was thrown out of the windows onto the streets below! In the early 13th Century, King John showed how important London had become by granting the city the right to elect a Lord Mayor every year. The most famous of the early mayors is Dick Whittington , who was Lord Mayor four times between and You may already know the popular and very well-known story about Dick Whittington not based on his actual life.
If you go to the Square Mile today, you will find lots of evidence of Medieval London in the street names, which tell of the trades and shops which were established in those times. These were the original gates in the defensive wall, where people could enter or leave the city. London was the centre of trade and government under the Tudor monarchs. We know that there were about , people living in London by There were three main areas of population: within the old City walls, in the nearby town of Westminster, and on the south side of the river, in Southwark.
Most of London as we know it today was still fields. The Tudors established a number of palaces in London and the area around, and also made deer parks so that they could indulge in their favourite occupation of hunting. You can still see deer in Richmond Park, in south London. Dockyards were built and ships were sent to explore the world - the Americas and India, for example. The first theatres were built in London during this time. The most famous is of course The Globe, in which Shakespeare owned a share. His plays were performed there. The original theatre was burnt down in and immediately rebuilt, but closed by the Puritans in Shakespeare Printables.
It operates stations. About three million travelers travel every day from an underground metro system. London cable car which is known as Emirates Airline launched in June It crosses the river Thames and links Greenwich Peninsula and the Royal Docks together and carries 3, people a day. The city has a great administering system on airports.
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It comprises of eight airports out of which six are the busiest. West London and London Heathrow Airport are the busiest airports in the world.
London is the chief universal hub for education as many big universities including the University of London and Westminster University are here. People from all around the world come here to approach higher studies. London is my favorite city as it offers the best stores for shopping. One of the oldest departmental stores named Selfridges is recognized as the best stores in London. Weather of the city is cold. It possesses a moderate climate.